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Publications Library

bee

Soltis, J., King, L.E., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Vollrath, F., Savage, A. (2014)
African Elephant Alarm Calls Distinguish between Threats from Humans and Bees. PLoS ONE 9(2): e89403. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0089403

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elephant

King, L.E (2013)  
Elephants and Bees: Could honey bees be effective deterrents for Asia’s crop-raiding elephants? Sanctuary Asia Magazine. October 2013.

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beehive fence

King, L.E. (2014 Third Edition)
Beehive Fence Construction Manual. A step by step guide to building a protective beehive fence to deter crop-raiding elephants from farm land. Published by Save the Elephants, Nairobi, Kenya.

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bee

Lucy King (2012) Using honey bees as a natural deterrent for crop-raiding elephants: Includes details of how to build a protective Beehive Fence to deter elephants from rural farms. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN – 10: 3848404419. ISBN – 13: 978-3848404414

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elephant

Soltis, J., Wilson, R.P., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Vollrath, F., King, L.E., Savage, A. (2012)
Accelerometers in collars identify behavioral states in captive African elephants Loxodonta africana. Endangered Species Research, Vol 18: 255-263.

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beehive fence

King, L.E., Douglas-Hamilton, I. & Vollrath, F. (2011) Beehive fences as effective deterrents for crop-raiding elephants: field trials in northern Kenya. African Journal of Ecology. (j.1365-2028.2011.01275.x).

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bee

King, L.E. (2010)
The interaction between the African elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) and the African honey bee (Apis mellifera scutellata) and its potential application as an elephant deterrent. DPhil thesis. University of Oxford, UK.

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bee

King, L.E., Soltis, J., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Savage, A. & Vollrath, F. (2010)
Bee threat elicits alarm call in African Elephants. PLoS One 5(4), e10346. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0010346.

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beehive fence

King, L.E., Lawrence, A., Douglas-Hamilton, I. & Vollrath, F. (2009)
Beehive fence deters crop-raiding elephants. African Journal of Ecology 47, 131–137.

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bee

King, L. (2009)
Bees help Protect Crops From Damage by Elephants in Kenya. Bee Craft. September p9-11.

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elephant

King, L.E., Douglas-Hamilton, I. & Vollrath, F. (2007)
African elephants run from the sound of disturbed bees. Current Biology 17, R832–R833.

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bee

Vollrath, F. & Douglas-Hamilton, I. (2002)
African bees to control African elephants. Naturwissenschaften 89, 508–511.

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elephant

Vollrath, F. & Douglas-Hamilton, I. (2002)
Elephants, buzz off! Swara Magazine. December p20–21.

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